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The RMS Titanic was an Olympic-class passenger liner owned by the White Star Line and was built at the
Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, in what is now Northern Ireland. At the time of her construction,
she was the largest passenger steamship in the world.
Shortly before midnight on 14 April 1912, four days into the ship's maiden voyage, Titanic struck an
iceberg and sank two hours and forty minutes later, early on 15 April 1912.
The sinking resulted in the deaths of 1,517 of the 2,223 people on board, making it one of the
deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in history.
The high casualty rate was due in part to the fact that, although complying with the regulations of the
time, the ship did not carry enough lifeboats for everyone aboard.
The ship had a total lifeboat capacity of 1,178 people, although her maximum capacity was 3,547.
A disproportionate number of men died due to the women and children first protocol that was followed.
The Titanic was designed by some of the most experienced engineers, and used some of the most
advanced technologies available at the time. It was popularly believed to have been unsinkable.
It was a great shock to many that, despite the extensive safety features, the Titanic sank.
The frenzy on the part of the media about Titanic's famous victims, the legends about the sinking,
the resulting changes to maritime law, and the discovery of the wreck have contributed to the continuing
interest in, and notoriety of, the Titanic.
10. Riachuelo River - Argentina
La Matanza River, (in English: The Slaughter River) better known as El Riachuelo (in English: The Little River),
is a water course of 64 km (40 mi) in Argentina, that originates in the Buenos Aires Province and defines
the southern boundary of the Buenos Aires federal district.
The Spanish word boca (in English: river mouth) gives the name to the La Boca neighbourhood, and brought
about the Boca Juniors football club, located near the place where the river flows into the Río de la Plata
Bridge on Riachuelo-Matanza river
From its source down to La Noria Bridge on Avenida General Paz, the river is usually referred to as
Río La Matanza,and from that point onwards as Riachuelo.
In its basin of 2,240 km2 (865 sq mi) live approximately 3.5 million people.
The south-easterly storm wind, known as Sudestada, hinders the waters of the Riachuelo from
reaching the Río de la Plata, producing frequent flooding in low-lying areas like La Boca and Barracas.
Since 1995 a number of flood management projects have been carried out to prevent such occurrences.
The watercourse receives large amounts of industrial waste from the numerous factories along the
reiverside, especially tanneries, which makes the Riachuelo a polluted river.
Among the most dangerous contaminants are heavy metals and waste water from the basin's
Its main tributaries are the Cañuelas, Chacón and Morales streams in the Province of Buenos Aires,
and the Cildánez stream (currently piped) in the Greater Buenos Aires urban area.
In 1993 President Menem's Secretary of Environment María Julia Alsogaray presented a 3 year project
to clean up the Riachuelo that was approved, but never started, let alone concluded.
The former civil servant, daughter of Álvaro Alsogaray,is being prosecuted for misappropriation
of those public funds.
According to Argentine newspaper Página/12, of the $250 million dollar budget, only $90 million remain.
$6 million were lost in punitive interests, $150 million were destined to unrelated social projects, and only
$1 million was used for the actual cleanup.
Critics have also noted that this cleanup was in vain, as all that was done was to remove sunken ship hulls,
but nothing was doneto prevent newly abandoned ships from sinking.